Tag - Body Weight

image - military helmet - Eating Disorders Among Active-Duty Military Personnel

Eating Disorders Among Active Duty Military Personnel

The United States has one of the best militaries in the world, with just over 1.34 million active-duty troops in 2015. They are prepared to meet any threat or challenge facing the country. However, many Americans are unaware of the personal and mental health challenges facing members of the nation’s armed forces. One of these challenges is the prevention and treatment of eating disorders among the ranks of U.S. military service personnel. Recent studies by the U.S. military indicate that eating disorder diagnoses for members of the armed forces have increased by 26 percent over a period of five years. The same study hints that the actual incidence of these illnesses is likely even greater.

According to research, it is estimated that roughly 30 million Americans will experience some type of eating disorder. Similar studies have shown that there are elevated rates of this disease among the nation’s active duty military members. In particular, the disease appears at higher proportions for women who are enlisted for active duty in the military. This data is not a new phenomenon. Back in 1999, researchers at the Mayo Clinic studied the eating behaviors of 423 women on active duty at Madigan Army Medical Center in Fort Lewis, Washington. This study reported that 8 percent of the women were diagnosed with an eating disorder. For comparison, the incidence of this disease for non-military women is estimated at only 1 to 3 percent of the total population. Active duty service members, including West Point graduates, reported that they feeling pressure from family, school and peers to “make the uniform look good.” This pressure can create a cycle of binging and purging with soldiers feeling like they can never be thin or in shape enough. The same disease also occurs among male active duty service members.

In all of the armed forces, more women than men are diagnosed with diseases like anorexia, bulimia and binge eating. More than two-thirds of cases involved female troops and the overall incidence rate among women, at 11.9 cases per 10,000, was more than 11 times that of males. Interestingly, the overall incidence rate of eating disorders among female Marine Corps members was nearly twice the amount when compared to women Army members. For male active duty service members, the rates were highest in the Army and Marines. Potential reasons for the increased risk for developing an eating disorder while in the military is likely due to exposure to trauma, as well as the need to routinely meet physical fitness and body weight requirements. These factors likely elevate the risk of eating disorders developing among both women and men. Children of military families also reported similar conditions at a significantly higher rate than the civilian population.

Research published in the U.S. Military’s Defense Health Agency’s Medical Surveillance Monthly Report found that incidence rates had risen steadily from 2013 to 2016 before decreasing slightly in 2017. Diagnoses for eating disorders increased from 2.3 per 10,000 to 3 per 10,000 in 2016, before dropping to 2.9 per 10,000 in 2017. “Results of the current study suggest that service members likely experience eating disorders at rates that are comparable to rates in the general population, and that rates of these disorders are potentially rising among service members,” the report states. “These findings underscore the need for appropriate prevention and treatment efforts in this population.”

The need for prevention and treatment of military members and their families suffering eating disorders has not been unnoticed. The U.S. Department of Defense’s (DOD) Peer Reviewed Medical Research Program (PRMRP) has allocated funding for eating disorders research, intervention and treatment programs. Congress first made the topic of eating disorders eligible for funding in 2017. In 2018 Congress is expected to allocate $5 million towards the prevention and treatment of eating disorders. However, federal funding for research on eating disorders is limited, with only $0.93 per person affected by eating disorders compared to other diseases such as autism receiving $44 per person affected.

To complicate matters, there is still a stigma surrounding the reporting of diseases such as eating disorders. Members of the Armed Forces are less likely to seek treatment, making prevention programs and access to treatment an imperative need across all branches. The occurrence of these diseases may, in fact, be much greater among active duty military members.

For additional questions about this topic, contact the staff at River Centre Clinic. Their programs provide a full range of treatment options for women and men with a primary diagnosis of an eating disorder. For immediate and confidential feedback, take River Centre Clinic’s EAT-26 (Eating Attitudes Test) assessment.

Follow us on Twitter:  @River_Centre

Active-Duty Military Personnel, Eating Disorders

Read more...
Scale and tape (RCC)

Body Weight and the Diet Cycle

According to research from Harvard Medical School, eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia and binge eating, afflict more than 30 million Americans, while millions more experience disordered eating and weight control behaviors. This statistic is even more sobering when one considers the fact that eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder in the United States. Numbers like these have real consequences on people’s health and overall quality of life. Often people are trapped in a vicious cycle of weight gain and severe dieting. In many instances, dieting does not produce permanent weight loss. Instead, it creates an unhealthy diet cycle where a person’s body weight quickly cycles up and down. What is needed is a holistic understanding of health that does not stigmatize body weight. People should focus on healthy behaviors and physical well-being instead of body weight.

The central idea behind the act of dieting tends to create problems. Extreme diets can actually damage people’s metabolism as well as their mental perception of food and eating. This means that individuals can end up in a worse place versus when they started the diet. The diet cycle can start here, with people’s weight gain and loss having a yo-yo appearance. The rise and fall of body weight creates the appearance that people are actually at war with their food (and weight). What is more beneficial for people is an active and healthy lifestyle, as well as an acceptance of their physical appearance and body weight.

When people are informed that they are overweight, there are unintended consequences. This information can reduce people’s satisfaction with their body and create other negative emotions and behavior. This is due to the fact that modern society tends to reinforce the message that “thin” is beautiful and good. People who struggle with their weight tend to also have lower self-esteem. The stigma of being overweight can help to set up a cycle for additional weight gain or the development of eating disorders like bulimia or anorexia. Individuals at all body weights often respond to stress and anxiety by eating. This emotional-induced eating will likely only encourage more weight gain. An increase in body weight can create a feeling of lower self-esteem and anxiety in a person. People quickly become trapped in an unhealthy feed back loop of weight gain and dieting.

More has to be done in order to make it safe to be a larger-bodied person. Most eating disorders are often accompanied by trauma, but body shaming and fat loathing only make these diseases worse. Actions from the fashion and food industry, as well as pop culture, almost seem to encourage eating disorders. However, attempts have been made to address the issues surrounding perceptions of physical imperfections, body weight and fat shaming. A few examples from fashion and marketing are from lingerie retailer Aerie and the increasing popularity of plus-size models. Since 2014, the ad campaigns of lingerie retailer Aerie (American Eagle) reportedly uses non-airbrushed photos of women of various body shapes and colors. Successful Fashion designer Chris Siriano has stated that there have “always been customers of different sizes since day one.” Currently, one half of Siriano’s fashion collection is made in extended sizes. These are positive steps in the right direction, but body weight fears and stigma surrounding fat is still a common occurrence.

For additional questions about the connection between body image, body weight and the diet cycle, contact the staff at River Centre Clinic. Their programs provide a full range of treatment options for children and adults with a primary diagnosis of an eating disorder. For immediate and confidential feedback, take River Centre Clinic’s EAT-26 (Eating Attitudes Test) assessment.

Follow us on Twitter:  @River_Centre

Body Weight, Diet Cycle

Read more...